This dossier focuses on the Black Community Programmes, a series of projects initiated in 1972 that served as the practical implementation of the Black Consciousness philosophy to give Black people the power to become self-reliant. In practice, these programmes included the foundation of publications and research, health centres, factories to employ the economically marginalised, and a trust fund to provide basic necessities for ex-prisoners as well as grants for yet other projects.
A conversation between Mwelela Cele and S’bu Zikode.
Since 1996, activists in Xolobeni, a coastal region in South Africa, have been fighting a foreign mining conglomerate that learned that their ancestral lands happen to be rich in titanium. The anti-mining activists of Xolobeni, who have lost many comrades to hit squads, continue to struggle against this foreign company and its partners in the South African government. Given that their land is located in a global biodiversity hotspot, their struggle is the struggle of us all: it is the fight for water, soil, food, and air.
Founded in 2005 the shack-dwellers’ movement – Abahlali baseMjondolo, or AbM – is among the significant organizations of the world’s poor and dispossessed. It struggles for land reform and dignity. Despite waves of repression by the state, AbM membership now numbers over 50, 000 in land occupations in different parts of the country.